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Old 03-11-2014   #44 (permalink)
chula banana
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: Playa del Carmen
Posts: 423
Canada does not have a grand jury system.

Most offences are "hybrid" offences which means that the prosecutor elects whether to proceed by indictment or by summary conviction. It does not really have anything to do with a preliminary inquiry, that is a red herring.

The election is not reflected on a person's criminal record, so an immigration officer has no real way of knowing whether or not the offence was summary or not.

But the Canadian law quoted refers to crimes that are "punishable" by way of indictment. That means most crimes, whether they were misdemeanours or not.
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